This research guide was designed to provide you with assistance in citing your sources when writing an academic paper.
There are different styles that format the information differently. In each tab, you will find descriptions of each citation style featured in this guide along with links to online resources for citing and a few examples.
A citation is a way of giving credit to individuals for their creative and intellectual works that you utilized to support your research. It can also be used to locate particular sources and combat plagiarism. Typically, a citation can include the author's name, date, location of the publishing company, journal title, or DOI (Digital Object Identifer).
Citing your sources is crucial in your academic career. Please see the page for in-depth information.
A citation style dictates the information necessary for a citation and how the information is ordered, as well as punctuation and other formatting.
There are many different ways of citing resources from your research. The citation style sometimes depends on the academic discipline involved. For example:
NOTE: Please consult with your professor to determine what style is required in your specific course.
This guide includes content adapted with permission from the University Library System, University of Pittsburgh.
The Writing Center seeks to develop more able student writers through one-to-one instruction in pre-writing, drafting, revising, and editing. The conferences between students and the Writing Center staff, either face-to-face or online, work to enable students to learn productive habits in pre-writing, drafting, revising, and editing. To schedule an appointment, please refer to their webpage, Writing Center, or contact:
Writing Center Director & Professor of English
540-665-4845 | email@example.com
Meghan Davitt, Health Sciences Librarian, (540) 678-4351, firstname.lastname@example.org
Kathy Evans, Reference & Instruction Librarian, (540) 665-5421, email@example.com
Aimee Gee, Reference & Online Learning Librarian, (540) 665-4553, firstname.lastname@example.org
Andy Kulp, Reference & Information Literacy Librarian, (540) 665-5444, email@example.com