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Style Guides: Parenthetical OR In-Text Citations

Parenthetical OR In-Text Citation

Parenthetical OR In-Text Citation

 

In general the In-Text or Parenthetical Citation will use the following format:

(author's last name page number)

 

Some variations:

  1. Citations for complete works do not require page number.
  2. If 2 authors have the same last name, precede the author's last name with his or her first initial.
  3. If 2 works have the same author, add a comma after the author's last name followed by the title of the work and then the page number.
  4. If a work has 2 or 3 author's include each of their last names separated by commas with the word "and" before the last name.
  5. If the work has more than 3 author's, include the first author's last name followed by et al. and the page number.

Examples

Work Cited

Strunk, William and E,.B. White. The Elements of Style. 3rd. ed. New York: Macmillan, 1979. Print.

In-Text Citation

If a manuscript is to be submitted for publication, leave plenty of space (Strunk 34).

OR

Strunk believes in submitting a manuscript  for publication you should leave plenty of space (34).

 

Work Cited

American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: DSM-IV. Washington, DC:

     American Psychiatric Association, 1994. Print.

In-Text Citation

Moderate Mental Retardation is roughly equivalent to what used to be referred to as the education category of

"trainable" (American Psychiatric Association 41).

OR

The American Psychiatric Association refers to Moderate Mental Retardation as "trainable" (41).